Did God Harden Pharaoh’s Heart?

In Exodus 7:3-4, we read (KJV):

And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments.

Did God harden Pharaoh’s heart? Yes, He did.

However, verse 4 alludes to the fact that it is not in a manner understood by some, namely, that God violated free will and He was therefore unjust in punishing Pharaoh and Egypt.  Indeed, verse 3 means entirely the opposite of this faulty understanding.

Reading the entire chapter 7 and chapter 8, we realize that it was Pharaoh himself who hardened his heart. God knew Pharaoh would harden his heart. God would allow this to happen, just as He allows those who wants only to do evil continue their sinful ways (Romans 1: 24 – 32). God’s pronouncement in verse 3 “And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart” does not negate at all, or contradict, God’s intention to allow Pharaoh to continue with his wish; but rather it actually magnifies God’s intention, as we can conclude from Exodus 7:14, which does not make sense if God had actually hardened Pharaoh’s heart:

14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is unyielding; he refuses to let the people go.

Biblical Mathematics unequivocally supports this view point. To determine God’s true intention when he proclaimed  “And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart” in Exodus 7:3, we look at the proclamation’s numerical equivalence. It is 1261.


But the value 1261 refers to only two other verses in the Bible; Numbers 10:23 and Job 34:16. Of these, Job 34:16 (underlined below),  stunningly, in context, refers the true nature of God. He does no evil and does no wrong (Job 34:10) and does not pervert justice (Job 34:12).  He is not unjust!  Moreover, Job 34 reveals the true intention of God, namely, He will not destroy for its own sake (Job 34: 14-15) but He will “repay everyone for what they have done; He brings on them what their conduct deserves” (Job 34: 11), implying He will not interfere with free will:

10 “So listen to me, you men of understanding.
    Far be it from God to do evil,
    from the Almighty to do wrong.
11 He repays everyone for what they have done;
    he brings on them what their conduct deserves.
12 It is unthinkable that God would do wrong,
    that the Almighty would pervert justice.
13 Who appointed him over the earth?
    Who put him in charge of the whole world?
14 If it were his intention
    and he withdrew his spirit and breath,
15 all humanity would perish together
    and mankind would return to the dust.

16 If you have understanding, hear this;
    listen to what I say.
17 Can someone who hates justice govern?
    Will you condemn the just and mighty One?
18 Is he not the One who says to kings, ‘You are worthless,’
    and to nobles, ‘You are wicked,’
19 who shows no partiality to princes
    and does not favor the rich over the poor,
    for they are all the work of his hands?

What Did Jesus Write on the Ground?

One of the most intriguing episodes in the Bible is the story of what Jesus did when He was confronted by the teachers of the law and the Pharisees who brought in a woman caught in adultery, demanding to know Jesus’ stance with respect to a Mosaic law that calls for death in such a situation.

The episode is narrated in John 8: 4 – 11 (KJV):

They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act.

Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou?

This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not.

So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.

And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground.

And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.

10 When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee?

11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.

We therefore come to a very fascinating issue:   What did Jesus write on the ground? Here we put forth the argument that what Jesus wrote was a portion of His very own Prayer.

Using the Method of the Verse Identification (MVI) expounded in the book, let us look at the identity of the verses from 4 to 11, which provides a precise synopsis of the story of  the adulterous woman.

Book# Chapter# Verse# SUM TOTAL
43 8 4 55 55
43 8 5 56 111
43 8 6 57 168
43 8 7 58 226
43 8 8 59 285
43 8 9 60 345
43 8 10 61 406
43 8 11 62 468

And here we stumble across one of the most fascinating results of Biblical Mathematics.  The 6th verse and 8th verse read:

This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not.

And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground.

The identifier of the verses up to the 6th verse is 168 and that of the verses up to the 8th verse is 285.

But 168 is the identifier of the Lord’s Prayer in the Gospel of Luke, and the 285 is the identifier of the Lord’s Prayer in the Gospel of Matthew!

Identifier of the Lord’s Prayer in Luke 11:2-4 is 168


Chapter# Verse# SUM
42 11 2 55
42 11 3 56
42 11 4 57


Identifier of the Lord’s Prayer in Matthew 6:9-13 is 285

Book Chapter Verse SUM
40 6 9 55
40 6 10 56
40 6 11 57
40 6 12 58
40 6 13 59

CONCLUSION:   The only logical conclusion is that Jesus wrote the following:

  1. The first time He stooped down (John 8:6), He wrote:  “Forgive us our sins.”
  2. The second time He stooped down (John 8:8), He wrote: “As we forgive those who sinned against us.”

If one of the teachers of the law or Pharisees had bothered to read what Jesus had written, he would have come to realize that he was looking at the essence of the greatest prayer of all times, the prayer that is a mini-Gospel of Jesus Christ containing the Great Commandment of Jesus Christ:

“You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.”  (Matthew 22:37-40).

For he who forgives seeks love (Proverbs 17:9):

He that covereth a transgression seeketh love; but he that repeateth a matter separateth very friends.

And in love, there is forgiveness (1 Peter 4:8):

And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.

Jesus Christ was telling the teachers of the law and Pharisees to follow His Great Commandment on which hangs all the Mosaic law and what the prophets have said!

If we love Jesus Christ (and therefore His Father), we follow His commandments (John 14:15) by daily repentance (Matthew 4:17) and denial of self (Matthew 16:24). Hence, the necessity to petition the Father to forgive us our sins.  And by forgiving those who sinned against us, we seek love (Proverbs 17:9).

Did the Disciples Pray the Lord’s Prayer on Pentecost?

In Acts 2, we read of an incredible event – the Holy Spirit descending upon the disciples as they gathered in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost. In the King James Version, we read:

And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.

And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.

And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.

And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Verses 1 and 2, in particular, are revealing:   the disciples were all with one accord, after which the mighty wind rushed in, signaling the arrival of the Holy Spirit.

What were they doing with one accord, or in harmony, which must have been the right thing to do, for it created an environment conducive for the Holy Spirit to descend upon them?

Acts 1:14 tells us that the disciples were praying and asking for something earnestly and humbly:

14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.

What exactly were they praying for? Were they praying for the Holy Spirit to come upon them? This seems unlikely since Jesus Christ already told them that the Holy Spirit would visit them, as we read in Act 1:4:

 On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about.For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”

One thing we can be sure about, given that John the Baptist emphasized repentance before the physical immersion in water  (Matthew 3:2).

“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

The disciples were praying for forgiveness of sins, renewal and repentance, preparing themselves to be baptized with the Holy Spirit.

We showed in our book, via biblical mathematics, that the Lord’s Prayer indeed covers our justification and continual sanctification:

Theorem 6.5 The Lord’s Prayer, prayed daily at the (prescribed) times given in set D, presents our bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God.

Moreover, since the Lord’s Prayer is the only prayer taught to the disciples by Jesus Christ, we thus arrived at the following hypothesis:

Hypothesis:  The disciples were incessantly earnestly praying the Lord’s Prayer with one accord on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1).

Now, the original Greek text of Acts 2:1 has 74 Greek letters, and that of Acts 2:2, 94 Greek letters.  The sum is 168. Surprisingly, it is but the identifier of the Lord’s Prayer in the Gospel of Luke (using the Method of the Verse Identification developed in the book)!

Identifier of the Lord’s Prayer in Luke 11 is 168


Chapter Verse Sum


11 2



11 3 56
42 11 4




There is no problem with incessant prayers and worship, for this is exactly what the 4 beasts and the 24 elders in Revelation 4:7-11 do:

And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and within, and day and night they never cease to say,

“Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty,
    who was and is and is to come!”


And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, who lives forever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives forever and ever. They cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

11 “Worthy are you, our Lord and God,
    to receive glory and honor and power,
for you created all things,
    and by your will they existed and were created.”


It is surprising that the identifier of the two verses that contain praises to God  in Revelation 4 (verses 8 and 11) is 159, since the 159th number in base 9 is 186, whose digits are a permutation of the numeral 168.

According to S. E. Jones, in his book The Biblical Meaning of Numbers from One to Forty, the number 9 represents “divine visitation, which is God’s judgment in the life of the believer(s) by which the Holy Spirit trains them in obedience”  (page 9).   S. E. Jones goes on to write (page 10):


It is the job of the Holy Spirit to help advise sinners who stand convicted by the law (Rom. 3:19) to find justification—that is, be pronounced not legally guilty. Jesus trained His disciples during His time of visitation. And then toward the end of His ministry, He spoke of “another Comforter” (John 14:16) that was yet to be given. The use of the term “another” indicates that Jesus Himself was a Comforter prior to the time when the Holy Spirit was given in Acts 2. In fact, at the beginning of His life, Simeon called Him “the consolation of Israel” (Luke 2:25). The word is paraklesis, the same word as the Comforter.


The fact that the Lord’s Prayer may have the repetitive property of the praises  in Revelation 4:8-11, and may therefore be the incessant prayer in one of the greatest stories in the Bible – the story of the baptism of the frightened disciples with the Holy Spirit  on the day of Pentecost – is beyond comprehension!

And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil

In the Lord’s Prayer, we read in Matthew 6:13,

And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil

What is or who is this “evil”?

In Romans 1: 24 – 32,  we have an answer (Easy-to-Read Version):

24 People wanted only to do evil. So God left them and let them go their sinful way. And so they became completely immoral and used their bodies in shameful ways with each other. 25 They traded the truth of God for a lie. They bowed down and worshiped the things God made instead of worshiping the God who made those things. He is the one who should be praised forever. Amen.

26 Because people did those things, God left them and let them do the shameful things they wanted to do. Women stopped having natural sex with men and started having sex with other women. 27 In the same way, men stopped having natural sex with women and began wanting each other all the time. Men did shameful things with other men, and in their bodies they received the punishment for those wrongs.

28 People did not think it was important to have a true knowledge of God. So God left them and allowed them to have their own worthless thinking. And so they do what they should not do. 29 They are filled with every kind of sin, evil, greed, and hatred. They are full of jealousy, murder, fighting, lying, and thinking the worst things about each other. They gossip 30 and say evil things about each other. They hate God. They are rude, proud, and brag about themselves. They invent ways of doing evil. They don’t obey their parents, 31 they are foolish, they don’t keep their promises, and they show no kindness or mercy to others. 32 They know God’s law says that anyone who lives like that should die. But they not only continue to do these things themselves, but they also encourage others who do them.

In the book, we proposed a method of identifying a verse. It is called the Method of Verse Identification.

METHOD OF VERSE IDENTIFICATION (MVI) Let Q be a set of verses in the Bible. An identifier I of Q is either (i) the total of the sum of book numbers, the sum of chapter numbers and the sum of verse numbers of all the verses in the set Q, or (ii) the total gematria (Hebrew and/or Greek) of the verses in Q.

Applying the MVI to Romans 1: 24 – 32, we have an astounding result: all the traits of the anti-Christ 666 are listed in the verses!

Book # Chapter# Verse# Sum
45 1 24 70
45 1 25 71
45 1 26 72
45 1 27 73
45 1 28 74
45 1 29 75
45 1 30 76
45 1 31 77
45 1 32 78

Conclusion:  The “evil” in the Lord’s Prayer is the one that or who leads the people to want only to do evil.

The Secret of The Narrow Door

One of the results established in the book via Biblical Mathematics is the following:

When we pray the Lord’s Prayer, we are led by the Holy Spirit to become more like Jesus Christ.

This result establishes that praying the Lord’s Prayer is an act of acquiring holiness with the help of the Holy Spirit. Praying the Lord’s Prayer is how we can partake in sanctification.

Therefore it is the Holy Spirit that will guide us  through the Narrow Door of the Kingdom of God.

Indeed, we shall show here that we must have the Fruit of the Holy Spirit in order to enter the Narrow Door of the Kingdom of God.   In Galatians 5:22-23, the set of the Fruit of the Holy Spirit is S = {LOVE, JOY, PEACE, PATIENCE, KINDNESS, GOODNESS, BELIEF, MEEKNESS, SELF-CONTROL}.  Having these 9 elements of set S as Christian attributes will allow one to enter the Narrow Door, which is described in Luke 13:22 – 27 (ERV):

22 Jesus was teaching in every town and village. He continued to travel toward Jerusalem. 23 Someone said to him, “Lord, how many people will be saved? Only a few?”

Jesus said, 24 “The door to heaven is narrow. Try hard to enter it. Many people will want to enter there, but they will not be able to go in. 25 If a man locks the door of his house, you can stand outside and knock on the door, but he won’t open it. You can say, ‘Sir, open the door for us.’ But he will answer, ‘I don’t know you. Where did you come from?’ 26 Then you will say, ‘We ate and drank with you. You taught in the streets of our town.’ 27 Then he will say to you, ‘I don’t know you. Where did you come from? Get away from me! You are all people who do wrong!’

To have a sense of how difficult for sinful people to enter the Kingdom of God, in Luke 13:27, we read: “But he will reply, ‘I don’t know you or where you come from. Away from me, all you evildoers!’”.  The Greek gematria of Luke 13:27 can be shown to be 6,929. Interestingly, this corresponds to the verse Matthew 9:21, one of only two verses with the same gematria.   Matthew 9:21 refers to the woman who touched Jesus’ gown and got healed in the process: “For she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole.

In another interesting twist, the gematria of the set S, taken from the original Greek texts of Galatians 5:22-23.  is also 6,929.


In conclusion therefore, with the Fruit of the Holy Spirit, we can be made “whole” – like the woman who touched Jesus’ garment in Matthew 9:21 – and avoid being rejected at the gate as depicted in Luke 13:27.

The Secret of the Narrow Door is the Fruit of the Holy Spirit!